More than 2,500 fire deaths occur throughout the U.S. each year. Eight out of ten of those fire deaths resulted from fires in the home. In Maryland, during 2015, 45 fire deaths occurred in one and two family homes out of the reported 63 total fire deaths recorded in the State. Sadly, 21 fire deaths occurred in homes where smoke alarms were known to have operated at the time of the incident.
“Most home fire deaths can be eliminated with the installation of residential fire sprinklers,” stated State Fire Marshal Brian S. Geraci. “The advantage of having fire sprinklers in your home far surpasses the ability of a working smoke alarm alone. A smoke alarm will notify you of a fire; however, a fire sprinkler can react and in most cases extinguish a fire before it reaches excessive heat and lethal doses of carbon monoxide and other toxins released during an uncontrolled fire”.
Fire sprinklers are designed to allow more time for escape during a fire. The added benefit in most cases is a single fire sprinkler operates and either controls the fire or extinguishes it entirely before excessive irreparable fire damage occurs. Many myths and falsehoods about fire sprinklers exist in the minds of Marylanders. The following facts and safety tips are provided to provide the public with factual information about residential fire sprinklers.
Home fire sprinklers save lives and property by reacting during the early stages of the fires occurrence inside the dwelling.
Smoke does not affect fire sprinklers. Home fire sprinklers react to high heat temperatures of 155° – 165°.
Only the sprinkler closest to the fire operates and sprays water directly on the fire. Due to the quick response of the fire sprinkler, the fire is almost always controlled and/or extinguished prior to the fire departments arrival.
- The risk of dying in a home fire decreases significantly when the home is equipped with a fire sprinkler system.
- Home sprinklers are easy to maintain by ensuring nothing is hanging from or blocking individual sprinkler heads. A simple test by the homeowner or a contractor can be performed annually to ensure proper water flow in the system.
- Homeowners experience lower insurance premiums with installed fire sprinkler systems. Insurance companies offer discounts from 5% to 30% off the fire portion coverage of the home.
Fire sprinklers are environmentally friendly. The amount of water run-off, pollution and fire damage is reduced by as much as 71%. According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), water usage to fight a home fire can be reduced by as much as 91%.
Materials found in homes today burn faster and at a higher heat release rate as compared to furnishings and small appliances made twenty or more years ago. Fires tend to grow much faster, which allows even less time to escape the deadly heat and toxins produced during a fire.
In 2015, 61% of the fatal home fires in Maryland occurred between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. when Marylanders are most vulnerable – while sleeping.
Legislation in the great State of Maryland requires all new homes to be outfitted with these proven life saving devices. Residential fire sprinklers are a necessary requirement to protect your family, friends, pets and property in the event a fire occurs inside your home.
The Office of the State Fire Marshal in partnership with the Maryland State Firemen’s Association (MSFA) has committed to several live side by side burn demonstrations throughout the State. Click on the link below to see the demonstration held at the MSFA Convention in Ocean City.
Watch a live “Side by Side” burn demonstration: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LPJ6mMUitz8&feature=youtu.be